Understanding Your Ovulation Cycle
It is believed that the ovulation cycle is at its peak when the menstrual cycle is half way.
How well you understand your ovulation cyscle… the better your chances of getting pregnant are
The ovulation cycle normally begins on the first day of your menstrual cycle and should last between 28 and 56 days depending on the health , age and other factors.
Your ovulation cycle comes in two phases, these are;
- the follicular phase, and
- the Luteal phase.
You should keep in mind the fact that the window of your fertility during your ovulation cycle only last between 3-4 days and
both phases of the ovulation cycle occur throughout the duration of ovulation.
The Follicular phase of the ovulation cycle
The Follicular phase of the ovulation cycle begins on the first day and ends on the last day of ovulation.
The time lapse for this phase varies in women but normally this cycle should last between 7-40 days.
This phase is characterized with the production of follicles from the ovaries, and at this stage and a matured egg develops on one of the follicles and then released into the fallopian tube.
The release of the matured egg into the fallopian tube marks the end of the follicular stage of the ovulation cycle.
The Luteal phase of the ovulation cycle
The release of the matured ovum signals the beginning of the Luteal phase of the ovulation cycle.
The luteal phase seems to be more predictable than the Follicular phase,
and this phase begins between 12-16 days before the start of the next menstrual cycle.
You need to keep in mind that some psychological and mental issues such as stress, and depression may delay ovulation period thus, this phase might be delayed as well.
The date your ovulation starts will naturally determine your menstrual cycle, and at the Luteal phase, an unfertilized egg will rupture while the lining of your uterus prepares itself to shed.
Looking at your fertility during Your Ovulation cycle
You need to understand that the ovum is quite different from the sperm in terms of their life cycles.
The sperm can still survive in your uterus for about 48 hours while the ovum cannot spend more than 24 hours.
A egg disintegrates and gets absorbed in your uterine lining if it cannot be fertilized within 12-24 hour of its lifespan- such disintegrated egg is passed out of the body during menstruation.
The fact that a male sperm can survive in the ovum for longer time means fertilization can occur after intercourse during the 3 days prior to ovulation.
Tracking your ovulation during an ovulation cycle is very important.
Checking your body’s basal temperature is one of the surest ways of detecting whether you are ovulating.
At the follicular phase of the ovulation cycle, the body basal temperature drops slightly just before ovulation starts,
and this temperature abruptly increases when the luteal phase begins especially with the release of the ovum.
You need to measure all these temperatures in order to be able to predict the beginning of ovulation.
You should keep in mind that, you are likely to conceive if you have intercourse within 3-4 days of the ovulation cycle,
therefore, you are your mating partner must be conversant especially with the symptoms of ovulation whenever they occur.
As a woman, timing your sexual intercourse at your best fertile time during your ovulation cycle will increase significantly your chances of conceiving.
If you and your partner have been trying unsuccessfully to conceive during your ovulation cycle for 3-4 consecutive months,
then you should consider visiting a physician for some likely underlying health issues that may be hindering or reducing your chances of getting pregnant.
You may also want to consider some alternative methods of achieving pregnancy – these include Vitro- fertilization, and IVF.
Some common medical issues that can lead to you inability to conceive during ovulation include;
Genetic problems like down syndrome, Gestational type 2 diabetes, cystic ovary infections, and common psychological problems like stress, anxiety and disorders.
If any of these problems are causing you inability to get pregnant during ovulation, your physician can help treat them to enhance your chances of conceiving during your ovulation cycle.
Some genetic symptoms may not be treatable but alternative conception methods can help you deal with such situations and help you get pregnant during your ovulation cycle without any likely side effects to the baby.